Marrying my debt

I got married July 1, 2017.  We are coming up on our 14 month anniversary and we are thinking about raising our new little baby boy, house decorating and remodeling, and vacations. What we certainly are not thinking about is divorce.  I found an interesting article, or rather my husband found it and thought it was funny given my student loan situation.  Recent survey’s have found that 13% of divorces can blame student loans for the split.

See the article from CNBC here: 1 in 8 Divorces is caused by student loans

Furthermore if you Google the topic, I found there to be many articles on generally the same topic.  This older article from NBC details the fact that many millennials are delaying certain life events due to their debts.

I find this to be a topic I can relate to due to my fairly recent marriage. I never spared any details of my student loans from my now husband, and remained completely open regarding my plans on how I would tackle the debt.  This would be my number one advice for anyone with student loan debt, or any debt for that matter, prior to marriage. Your partner needs to know the full situation, no matter how bleak.  There is no shame in being honest to your partner regarding all debts.  There is shame is trying to hide from it, and not being honest regarding your financial responsibility.

In general, any student loan debt that was acquired before marriage is owned solely by that person.  If you live in a community property state, any debt that is acquired during the marriage is owned by both parties whether or not each signed on the loan or not.  There are 9 community property states which include Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, Wisconsin, and Alaska as an opt in state.  It is safe to say that my half a million dollars of student loan debt is mine forever.

Just also consider that if you are doing a public service loan forgiveness and doing any of the income based repayment plans, suddenly filing your taxes jointly could cause your monthly payments to increase because the program will now consider your spouses income in calculating that monthly payment.

My husband knows that I am tackling my debt with every paycheck. While we did get married, we didn’t marry completely all of our finances. We have separate bank accounts and assets. We try to pay equal shares of bills. We each make a decent income.  I have never asked or expected him to take part in my student loans, or make payments on my behalf.  I never assumed that his income would take part in my debt.  I have maintained the mentality that whats mine is mine, which includes my ginormous pile of debt.  I can’t expect my husband to start sending all his hard earned money to a debt that he never wanted, signed up for, or benefited from.  Perhaps that is the biggest mistake over those failed marriages from the article.  I am proud to say that we will not be one of those 13% of divorcees any time in the future.

Dr. J

 

 

 

 

The Little Guys; An update on my progress

I’ve been a little quiet these last few weeks. Mainly life gets in the way of any quality blogging. I’m 9 months pregnant and we are going to have our first baby in which aside from sending in my checks every month, student loans have not been priority. However I thought I would take a moment to post an update on my progress.

I posted before on the two ways you can pay off debt, the snowball method or the avalanche method. In my situation I have chosen to focus my energy on the two little guys I have for student loans which is thru Navient loan servicer. In line with the snowball method, this will eliminate some monthly payments or obligations as each is paid off starting with the lowest balances first.

My balances I have thru Navient are from 2003-2005 when I attended Washington State University where I graduated with a degree in Business Administration. I can’t believe I have carried these balances for over ten years. That goes to show you that you can keep under forbearance under the federal government for a very long time. I was also able to push aside paying them off by making interest only payments as well. While a government student loan allows for a lot of leeway, it certainly doesn’t do you any favors. After all, they will gladly take the extra interest owed to them in the end.

While I did refinance recently my large student loan balance I had with FedLoan Servicing, I purposely left these loans out of that refinance as the interest rate remained fairly low and the balances were manageable. Recall when I started this blog, I posted this:

Total balance of $14,440 in January. The balance on the first loan was somewhere around $8,500 and the balance on the second loan was around $6,000. I paid all my extra monies to that smaller loan. I finally paid off that smaller loan last month, so here’s my new snapshot:

Yes, I know I’m a long ways away from being paid off completely, but eliminating even one loan certainly feels GOOD!

While my life over the last 5 months has included being pregnant, buying a house, moving, and kitchen remodel, all while working full time, I have managed to pay off at least one of my little loans by simply sticking to the plan. I simply sent in the money I had planned and while life passed by, before I knew it one of my balances turned to zero! In other words, for all my debt chasers, set your plan and keep at it! We all get so busy with the day to day of our lives that with the blink of your eyes these balances will vanish in no time!

I just saved $122,728 with a private student loan refinance!

I sound like one of those SoFi ads on TV.  But honest and true, this is real.  I couldn’t be more pleased with the decision I made to refinance out of my loan with FedLoan Servicing.  Using the studentloanhero.com refinance calculator, you can see that my interest savings is huge over a 20 year life of my loan:

 

My new loan is at an interest rate of 5.6% versus my old loan was at 7.375%.  This makes for a payment of $3395 per month.  Unfortunately due to my large loan size, I was unable to refinance into one loan, but rather now I have three smaller loans each at a balance of about $163,000.  Thankfully though, the lender treats them as one loan in regards to the payment schedule and when displaying the loan balance.

My experience on the entire process is completely a positive one.  I applied online, submitted some of the requested documents thru the lender’s website and the next thing I knew, I was e-signing the loan docs.  The process couldn’t be more convenient, simple, straightforward and easy.  The lender I decided on was Laurel Road.  Here is my actual account summary:

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Keep in mind that there are many many lenders out there when you enter the private student loan sector.  In my opinion they each offer very similar things and rates.  I was happy with a rate of 5.6% considering I opted for a 20 year amortization. While that seems daunting, you have to keep in mind that these loans likely do not have a pre-payment clause, and you may pay down the balance sooner than 20 years.  With such a hefty monthly payment, I opted for the longer term and a higher rate so that my monthly obligation was lower.  I would like to hopefully pay this in 10-12 years, but I do not want to be committed to making a $5000 monthly payment.  In this way, I will also keep my debt to income ratio down in case of the need to qualify for any new loans in the future, i.e. mortgage or car.

I’m sure you have seen advertisements for student loan showing 2.99% interest rate, or something enticing.  Keep in mind that these are probably variable rates.  I did not choose on a variable rate because I have a very large loan balance and cannot take that sort of risk.  Also, my loan term will be very long.  If you have been watching the news, you will know that the Fed’s have been slowly raising interest rates ever so gently in the last year.  Considering my loan is in it for the long haul, rates could be sky high in a few years from now.  Better to lock in now.

So that is basically it regarding the details of my new private student loan.  If you would like to refinance your student loan, please consider my previous blog post on leaving public service loan forgiveness before you make a final decision.  Any time you refinance out of a federal student loan, there is no turning back and you forfeit all the benefits of a government loan. If you have made your decision, and would like to also use Laurel Road, then please use my referral link: http://sl.laurelroad.com/referrals/fc2d6cb2c3. Yes, I do receive a monetary referral from them if you do so.

Dr. J

Finally a real payment processing system.

I have voiced frustrations before regarding FedLoan payment processing system.  They are hired by the federal government to do one thing, which is to service student loans, and they frankly suck at it.  They take an entire week to process a payment and they don’t accept payments on weekends.  What are we, living in the stone ages?

Well, with my brand new refinance, which feels like buying a new car, I made my first payment.  Guess what, the payment is processed right away and I feel some immediate gratification.  Beautiful!

Check it out:

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It actually tells me how much is applied to principal and how much applied to interest.  Well, that feels really great.  FedLoan servicing never did such a thing. I think I just like to know where my money is going. Remember I have the plan of making bimonthly payments, so this is my first half of the total payment due. If you would like to hear more regarding bimonthly payments see my previous blog post here.

I bet you are wondering about the juicy details of my new student loan?  I plan to dive into that information soon.  For now, happy Friday!

Why I am saying goodbye to public service loan forgiveness FOREVER.

Hello my friends,

Have you ever taken out a car loan, drove your new car off the lot, made a few monthly payments on the loan, then had such a clean and responsible driving record that the bank came back and told you that you don’t have the pay back the rest of the loan balance? Or how about if you have ever used your credit card to buy, lets just say, some food, clothes, and toiletries for the local homeless shelter as a good deed for the holidays and then the credit card company turns around tells you that you don’t have to pay back the balance and they will write the slate clean for your good service? The answer to these completely hypothetical situations is a definite “no” for pretty much 100% of everyone reading this right now.

My point is that public service loan forgiveness (PSLF) is similar to those situations mentioned above.  You are working in service to the public for ten years in order for the government to completely write your balance clean.  In today’s modern day banking system, where interest rates and profit margins are similar to the modern day gold rush, in my opinion there is no such thing as a free lunch.

As I have mentioned before, the bulk of my student loans have been with Fed Loan Servicing at an enormous rate of 7.375%. I have deferred making any moves toward refinancing privately because of the great appeal of doing loan forgiveness. For those new to the game, let me remind you that there is no turning back once you refinance out of a government loan.  Thus, you need to be absolutely certain that you do not want to pursue loan forgiveness once you turn down this one way street.

As you can probably guess, I remain cynical about the PSLF program.  There are a multitude of sources that are unclear as to the future of the program. Some sources say that they are going to cap the forgiveness amount to $57,000, others say that they will do away with it completely.  Potentially by retiring the program the federal government can save 24 Billion dollars.  Secondarily, there’s no reason why the federal government can’t tax you on every penny that is forgiven.  This taxable income can amount to a huge IRS bill.

Currently we are 4 months into 2018, and 2017 was the first year that any student loan would have been eligible for forgiveness.  I have yet to hear of any person who has had any amount of their debt forgiven.  I have done an internet search to see who were lucky enough.  Instead, I have only come across articles on people’s disappointment when they find major problems with qualifying for the program for one reason or another.  Common reasons being that they were not enrolled in the correct repayment plan or their original loan was not a Direct Loan.  Imagine ten years of tailoring your career choice to this program and ten years of planning for this debt to be forgiven only to find out that you have to start all over again at year one.

Lets review this chart again on my person loan situation from Studentloanhero.com loan forgiveness calculator:

(These numbers are based on $490,000 of debt, $210k a year salary, 7.375% interest rate, family of 2, married)
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Total amount of potential forgiveness under PSLF under the various repayment plans.

The interesting thing to note is that three out of four of these forgiveness amounts are actually higher than my current student loan balance!  Meaning, that for ten years I could be making payments on my student loans and the loan balance could actually go up, not down!  That also means that at ten years if there is a problem with PSLF and I happen to not qualify for forgiveness I would have just wasted ten years of hard earned payments and may actually be in a worse situation than when I started. If anyone remembers the sub-prime mortgage market in 2005, banks were lending mortgages that were too good to be true.  Unfortunately we know what happened with the housing bubble that burst and suddenly many people actually owed more than what their house was worth.  We are not connected to a tangible asset here, but we are connected to our earning potential.  This ratio is important when considering the size of your student loan debt and the potential to repay. With a loan balance that is increasing in size, this may tip a person underwater completely.

The last personal reason I would like to share as to why I am opting out of PSLF is that I will not be working in public service.  I have attempted to find a job in public service and have looked into employers that carry the coveted 501-3b non-profit status.  As a hospitalist, there are very few opportunities that exist for me which may seem as a shock being a physician.  If I were a outpatient physician, this would be a more realistic opportunity for me.  However, I just can’t see sacrificing more years into a job area that I don’t have 100% interest into. I would rather not sacrifice my years of training to putting in my time card just for loan forgiveness that may or may not even qualify in the end.  I made a commitment when I signed that master promissory note, and now I have to take responsibility for that obligation.  The financial commitment I made, while sometimes sleep disturbing, still has given me a career without any regrets for the lives I touch, and the incredible job I get to do.

I beg you all reading this to please note that these are my own personal views and tactics in battling my own student debts.  Please do your own research, make your own informed personal decisions based on your own unique situation, and most of all, keep the student loan hustle going!

Dr. J

Yes, Home ownership is still possible with debt.

Yes, I have my student loans. Yes, I might be paying on them for a long time. But that doesn’t mean I am subject to living out of rentals. If it makes sense, I encourage ownership over renting a house. While it is scary taking out yet more loans and adding more debt to the collection, a house is a tangible asset that can easily become not only your sweet haven but also the largest investment of your life. Your hard earned dollars will go toward something which you may very well see a return on rather than in rental la la land. Secondly, you may see your house value increase after purchasing giving you what is called capital gains and equity. Even if you do not eventually pay off the mortgage, the increased value can mean some extra cash in your pocket when you go to sell.

Depending on what market you live in, ownership will make more sense. First of all, if you are lucky enough to live in an area where the housing prices are reasonable enough you could be looking at a monthly mortgage amount competitive with the monthly rental amount. Thus, this situation is a no brainer. Ownership also makes sense if you are planning on staying put for a long time. There are no new leases and no landlords to deal with. Furthermore, you can create that dream space, man cave, perfect zombie apocalypse hideout that you’ve always wanted.

While most would agree with all the great things about home ownership, qualifying for a mortgage is another story. Is this feasible with student loans? Absolutely. I just closed escrow on a house and I’m moving in with my half a million dollars of student loans strapped to my back. Here are some of my tips to qualify for a mortgage:

1. Its all about late payments. Late payments are displayed on your credit as 30, 60, or 90 days late. Do not be late on anything! I repeat, do not be late on anything! Not only do late payments negatively affect your credit score, mortgage companies see late payments as a struggle to pay bills.

2. Credit score. I once heard someone say that to live very well in America you don’t need a lot of money. You need good credit. Nothing holds more true than taking out a home loan. Protect your credit like its your golden ticket. I will eventually post another blog on this issue.

3. Debt to income ratio. This is simple to calculate. Take all your monthly payments and add them up. Divide this by your monthly income. Banks generally want to see a 40% or less DTI ratio to qualify for a mortgage. This is also how you can determine how much house you can afford. How much you can afford as a monthly payment is processed backwards to determine the overall purchase price of a house you can afford. The caveat is that certain things that are monthly payments are not counted in your DTI ratio such as utilities, cell phone, any type of insurance, health care bills, and all others that do not get reported to the credit bureaus. There are certain banks that may actually exclude student loan payments in calculating your DTI as well. The mortgage I am receiving included. This is how I was able to qualify for a house using just my income alone without my husband, as the bank I am using has completely ignored my monthly student loan payment. For specific questions on this feel free to contact me.

4. Down payments. Gone are the days of 2005 when you could buy a house with zero money down. These days, a down payment of 5-10% plus closing costs seems to be industry standard. So expect some up front money to get into the house. Remember this is a long term investment.

5. Time on current job. Mortgage banks are interested in one thing. Job stability. Don’t expect to be approved for a loan if you have changed jobs multiple times in the last few years. There could be some leeway if you are changing employers in the same line of work, but if you are working as a limo driver for 3 months, then a chef for 6 months, then a teacher for 4 months this is a huge red flag. As a physician I won’t run into much trouble changing employers as I would likely remain in the same line of work. They want to see 2 years of stable employment in the same line of work.

There are a few highly valuable tips I can give you if you are considering owning a house. Don’t be discouraged by the consideration of taking on more debt while still burdened with high student loans.  You can pay $1000 a month in rent or $12,000 a year to someone else, or you can have that money go to a tangible asset.  If you have determined that you are not able to qualify for a mortgage at this time, there’s no room to panic.  Now’s the time to speak with a mortgage banker and determine what it is that is disqualifying you.  You may not qualify now, but with a couple of changes you may be able to qualify in a few months or a year from now.  Most importantly, don’t let your student loan burden weigh you down from continuing to invest in your financial future.  Develop a plan for your student loans and stick with it.  Have that plan in place prior to pursing a mortgage.  And as always, keep the student loan hustle going!

Dr. J

 

Avalanche vs Snowball method on 500k of student loans.

Boring investor sites state there are two ways to pay off debt. The avalanche method is when you pay down higher interest loans/debt first. In the snowball method you pay down the loans with the lowest balances off first. This is assuming you have multiple loans/debts which I’m sure 99% of individuals do. What are the advantages of these methods?

In the avalanche method, as you might imagine, you will save money on the interest. You know how much I hate interest. My rate on my loan with FedLoan Servicing is a grand 7.37%. Basically robbery.

The snowball method could prove beneficial for a person in the fact that paying off smaller loan balances could eliminate that monthly payment or obligation. That extra money could then be used towards increasing payments on the remaining debts. There is also highly gratifying mental pleasure in paying off smaller loan balances.

Which method do I employ? I’ve decided that the snowball method works best for me. I have one huge loan with FedLoan servicing for about $490k and a smaller cookie crumb of a loan with Navient for a mere $15k. My monthly obligation for Navient is $192 a month. Thus eliminating this debt would give me that extra month toward the big kahuna. Now, this doesn’t just apply to student debts either. I do also have a car payment but this debt is a zero percent interest rate (yes, you heard me right) thus, paying this off early just doesn’t make sense. Also keep in mind that credit cards can have the worst interest rates in all of time, so take a look and really analyze your debts. How you pay off your debts can actually save you time and money as I have mentioned before in my previous blog post about biweekly payments.